Through the following post, we show you a collection of historical facts about Egypt around me. 99 facts that you may not know much about. You can view and use them in historical research or in culture in general:
It is believed that the shape of the ancient Egyptian pyramids was inspired by the spread of sunlight.
Ali’s father named his newborn daughter “Facebook” in celebration of Facebook’s role in the Egyptian revolution in 2011.
Egypt has about five million Internet users, more than any country in the Middle East. As of 2009, Egypt had 20136000 Internet users and ranked 21st in the world.
The full official name of Egypt is the Arab Republic of Egypt.
About 90% of Egyptians are Muslims (primarily Sunni), 9% are Copts, and 1% are Christian.
The reign of Pharaoh Bibi II (Nefirkare) (2246-2152 BC) lasted for the longest period in history, 94 years. He became king of Egypt when he was six years old.
Allegedly, Pharaoh Pepe II smeared/smeared naked slaves with honey to lure flies away.
The Egyptian flag is similar to the flags of Syria, Iraq and Yemen and consists of stripes of colors for the Arab liberation, which are red, white and black, with the golden eagle of Salah al-Din placed on the white strip. In the Egyptian flag, black represents oppression, red represents the bloody struggle against oppression, and white represents shining independence.
The illiteracy rate for Egyptian men is 83%, and for women it is 89%.
An average of one inch of rain falls in Egypt every year.
It is considered the beginning of Egyptian history in general since 3200 BC when King Mina united the two countries (Upper and Lower Egypt) and with the fall of the original family, the Persians ruled in 341 BC, then replaced by the Greeks, Romans and Byzantines. The Arabs, Islam and the Arabic language entered Egypt in the seventeenth century.
As of July 2011, the population of Egypt was 8,207,963, making it the 15th most populous country in the world. As about 99% of the population lives on about 5.5% of the land.
King Ramses II (212-1279 BC) is considered the greatest pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire. He ruled Egypt for 60 years and was the only pharaoh to hold the title of greatest. He had more than 90 children, approximately 56 boys and 44 girls. He had 8 official wives and nearly 100 mistresses. His hair was red, which was associated with him.
The most famous and greatest pyramid in Giza was built as a burial place for King Khufu (2566-2589 BC), and it took 20 years to build. It was also built with more than two million limestone blocks, each one weighing two and a half elephants. It is about 460 feet (149) meters taller than the Statue of Liberty. The foundation of the Great Pyramid takes about five football fields.
The ancient Egyptians believed that mummification guaranteed the safe way for the dead to the afterlife. The mummification process had two steps: the first, embalming the body, then wrapping and burying the body. And stored in canopic jars, each jar is a god.
The ancient Egyptians embalmed not only individuals but animals as well. Archaeologists have discovered a mummified crocodile about a foot (4.5 meters) long, known in books as “the devourer of human hearts.”
The asterisks made from the tail of the giraffe were an essential part of the folk costumes of ancient Egypt.
Women in ancient Egypt had many privileges and rights over other women in the ancient world. For example, they own real estate, conduct business deals and divorce. Women in rich families could become doctors and priestesses.
In ancient Egypt, both men and women used to wear eye make-up, and they called it kohl. And made of raw materials mixed with oil. And they believed that it had magical powers to heal and restore weak eyesight, and fight eye infections.
For the ancient Egyptians, bread was the most important meal, and beer was their favorite drink. They even left some liquor products in the tombs in order for the deceased to ensure that he had enough to suffice in the afterlife.
The ancient Egyptians had three different calendars: the daily agricultural calendar, the astronomical calendar, and the lunar calendar. The agricultural calendar consists of 365 days over three seasons every four months. The astronomical calendar was based on the observations of Ng Sirius, which appears at the beginning of each year after the end of the flood season. Finally, the priests are left with the lunar calendar, which informs them when performing the rituals of the moon god (Khun Su)
The hieroglyphic language appeared since 3,000 BC, and it may have started much earlier than that on wall drawings. In contrast, the English language consists of 26 letters.
The construction of the Great Pyramid was the first step taken by the famous architect Imhotep for the Egyptian pharaoh Djoser in 2600 BC.
The ancient Egyptians worshiped more than 1,000 different deities. The most important deity was the patron of the sun god.
During the long history of Egypt, it was known by many different names. For example, during the Old Kingdom (2134-2650) BC, it was called Kemet or the Black Land. Which refers to the dark and rich soil in the Nile Valley, and it was also called Dichert or the red land, which refers to the vast deserts of Egypt. After that, he called it “Haka Ptah” and it meant the seat of the god Ptah and other Greeks to Egypt.
Tourism includes about 12% of the workforce in Egypt.
– In 8000 BC, at the same time, the lush grasslands and the grass of the savannah. Climate change and overgrazing. The change began in the area from pastoral land to desert. And now it is the largest desert in the world, it is 3,630.00 square kilometers, which is about the size of the United States, and Antarctica is considered the largest desert in the world.
The first pharaoh of Egypt, King Mina, who united the two countries in 3150 BC, called the capital of the unified lands, Mefes, which means (the balance of the two countries). Legend has it that he ruled for 60 years until his murder by King Hypmots.
The average age of Egyptians was approximately 72.66 years, which ranked 124th in the world. The average life expectancy for men is 70.07 years and for females is 75.38 years. Monaco has the highest life expectancy in the world at 89.73 years and in the United States at 78.37 years.
The fertility rate in Egypt is 2.97 children per woman, which is ranked 66th in the world in fertility. Niger ranks first with 7.60 children per woman, and the United States ranks 124 children per woman.
Egypt occupies the 30th place in the world in terms of area, it is three times larger than Mexico. The area of Egypt is about 386,560 square miles. (1,001,450 square kilometers)
The Egyptian revolution began on January 25, 2011. The demands of the Egyptian protesters focused on the absence of freedom of opinion, police brutality, fair elections, corrupt government, high unemployment and inflation, and the continuation of the emergency law. About 800 people were killed and more than 6,000 injured. President Mohamed Hosni Mubarak stepped down on February 11. The Egyptian revolution sparked revolutions in the Arab world such as Syria, Yemen, Bahrain, Libya and Jordan.
Both men and women in ancient Egypt shaved their heads and often wore wigs in order to stay nice and free of lice. Also, wigs were a sign of social status and were the most important fashion and accessory in ancient Egypt. The rich wore wigs made of human hair, while the poor wore wigs made of wool
The ancient Egyptians were the first people to have a year, consisting of 365 days divided into 12 months, and they also invented the calendar.
Imhotep is the Egyptian Encyclopedia (the man who comes in peace) as the first doctor, the first engineer, and the first architect.
It is 4,135 miles (6,670 km) long. The ancient Egyptians measured the depth of the Nile using the “Nilometer”. The Nile is an English word derived from the Semitic word, which means that together they are the great river.
In an attempt to control the annual flooding of the Nile, one of the largest dams in the world was built, the Aswan High Dam. Unfortunately, the rich and fertile silt settled in Lake Nasser after the construction of the dam, forcing farmers to use one million tons of industrial fertilizers.
The ancient Egyptians believed that the tears of the goddess Isis caused the Nile to flood every year. They celebrated the feast of the flood and called it “the fulfillment of the Nile”
Often, the priest wore a mask when embalming the mummy, and the god of death was known as (Anubis).
In the fourth and sixth centuries, the Copts were the largest Christian sect in Egypt and the Middle East, because Christianity was the main religion in Egypt, and the term Coptic meant Egyptian.
In France, a glass pyramid stands outside the Louvre as a tribute to the ancient Egyptians and their amazing world.
The measure of the value of matters was called Maat, which means good conduct and behavior, honesty and justice. Maat is the god of truth and according to legend, he is the one who weighs the heart of every Egyptian after death.
Before, the ancient Egyptian writer used to write anything and pour some water and ink as an offering to the god Thoth, the messenger of the gods, the patron of writing and education. They believe that whoever can write is in the power of God.
The ancient Egyptians believed that the god Thoth was the inventor of writing and the transmission of its secret to humans. And they put his symbol and the bird was an ibis.
150 years ago, Americans and Europeans believed that mummy had great curative power for all kinds of diseases.
The title of Pharaoh was given to the Egyptian king, which means the great house. It was used until Dynasty No. 20 (1185-1070) BC.
The Great Pyramid has vents pointing towards the planet Orion so that the mummy’s soul can fly straight to the god
The ancient Egyptians believed that they were made of clay by the river god.
In ancient Egypt, every big city had a favorite god. Like those who support football now.
The expectations of the ancient Egyptians, when the Nile flood was the first development in the world of the calendar.
The Chola pyramid was built in about 100 years, although its length is equal to 40% of the length of the Great Pyramid in Giza. In contrast, it covers an area of 39.5 acres, and the Great Pyramid covers 13 acres. In addition, the Mexican pyramid has a volume of 4,300,000 cubic metres. While the area of the Great Pyramid is 3,360,000 cubic metres.
The Egyptian pyramids are not the oldest wonders of the ancient world, but they are the only ones that remain until now. There are six other wonders – the Hanging Gardens of Babylon – the Temple of Artemis – the statue of Zeus in Olympia – the mausoleum of Halicarnassus – the statue of Rhodes – the Lighthouse of Alexandria.
Ahmose, the ancient Egyptian writer, wrote about the oldest surviving work of mathematics, which was in 1560 BC, where the Rayne Mathematical Papyrus was found. Entrance to knowledge of all existing activities and all mysterious secrets.
The oldest recorded death sentence in ancient Egypt was found in the Amherst Papyrus. A teenage male in 1500 BC was sentenced to prison and killed himself either by poison or by stabbing.
Hieroglyphs were used only for ritual purposes and official inscriptions. The ancient Egyptians used hieroglyphic writing for daily use. In the second half of 700 BC, the Copts used the demotic survey.
The ancient Egyptians, when they built the tomb, put a guard on it to take care of them and feed them
The oldest recorded standard unit for weight is the ancient Egyptian unit, equal to between 7.45 and 6.66 ounces, which is still used today.
In 2011 AD, the Egyptians discovered the statue of Amenhotep III (the grandfather of Tutankhamun) and it was one of the largest statues that was first discovered in 1923 AD.
The ancient obelisk known as Cleopatra’s Needle suffered more damage when it stood in New York City than it did in Egypt.
Despite the popular notion that Neleon’s forces broke the Sphinx’s nose, the diagram of the Sphinx from 1737 shows that it has no nose, 60 years before the arrival of Napoleon’s forces to Egypt.
Scientists believe that the ancient Egyptians were the first to use sutures 4000 years ago. In many cases, Egyptian doctors would place the surgical needle in a hollow container of birds.
The hippopotamus is considered a bad omens and has been associated with the god of evil. And they were more dangerous than crocodiles as they were capsized boats to travel in the Nile River.
The first person in Egypt to evade taxes was sentenced to 100 strikes for his crime.
Medical examinations discovered that parasites such as worms were a problem for the ancient Egyptians. One of the common/common parasites was the guinea worm and it was growing to three years old inside the human body and after a year it came out from under the skin.
In Egypt, they generally considered children, even girls, as a blessing. The Greeks sometimes left unwanted infants (mostly girls) in the open air to die, and the discoveries showed that the Egyptians did not do this.
The Berlin Papyrus (1800 BC) contains the oldest and most famous pregnancy test.
The test was based on that by taking urination pills, it comes out with the urine, and if barley grows, it means that the woman is pregnant with a boy, and if wheat grows, she is pregnant with a girl. If no growth occurs, she is not pregnant.
To keep Ramses II’s nose from collapsing, they stuffed his mummified nose with peppercorns.
The beetle for the ancient Egyptians represented life after death and the resurrection of death.
Some toilets were placed in the tombs of the ancient Egyptians.
Some people blamed the sinking of the Titanic on a mummified Egyptian priestess who was carrying it.
“The Beautiful House” is the house of mummification in ancient Egypt.
The British King Charles II (1630-1685) rubbed the dirt with a mummy they thought he had gained greatness from it.
Contrary to popular belief, Cleopatra was in fact Greek, not Egyptian or African. When Angelina Jolie played Cleopatra in 2011, many believed that she was American and of African descent. Some believe that the role should have gone to a Greek, like Jennifer.
– And near Jabal Al-Tuna on the edge of the Western Desert in Egypt, scientists discovered more than four million mummies of birds such as anxiety.
Ramesses II was wrapped in 1886 in 15 minutes. Where his body became contaminated with bacteria and fungi, which ate his letters for something. In the year 1975 AD. Scientists used gamma rays to sterilize his body and store it against germs.
They called me the first person who carried out the mummification process, “the butcher.”
The Egyptians called the pyramids “Mir”, which was searched for in the English language. The pyramids are an English word of Greek origin, a kind of pyramid-shaped cake.
If the Great Pyramid was cut into 12-inch cubes, there wouldn’t be enough cubes to go around the moon about three times.
The pharaohs were buried with their servants early
The pyramid of power or pyramid science indicates that the pyramids possess supernatural powers. For example, in 1959, the Czech radio engineer Karel Dorbel obtained a patent for the idea that the pyramids are sharper than razor blades.
The Egyptian Ministry of Health banned female circumcision in 1996, except in emergency cases.
According to the legend, the first mummy of Osiris, who was killed by Seth, and later became known as the god of the dead.
Clay was placed under the mummy’s skin as a pillow.
The oldest dress in the world is found in Egypt 5,000 years ago.
The ancient Egyptians knew the existence of Mercury, Venus, Saturn, Mars and Jupiter, and they had names for them Sebek (Mercury), the god of the morning (Venus) “the revolution of the sky, Saturn.” Red Horus (Horus)
For the ancient Egyptians, the Nile was mysterious. Unlike most other rivers that flow from south to north and flood in the summer, and no one knows the source of the water, the explorers then foresaw the source of the Nile water in East Africa after 15 years.
The ancient Egyptians were the first to know animal husbandry.
There were 3 female pharaohs, and the greatest was Hatshepsut (1498-1483 BC).
It is believed that the Sphinx guarded the three pyramids in Giza and that it was generally built to guard tombs.
It is known that all the tombs of the pharaohs were broken into by thieves, except for the tomb of Tutankhamun, who ruled from (1334-1342) BC. It was discovered in 1922 AD and was filled with priceless materials and beautiful works.
With the ancient Egyptians, the world began with the emergence of a patron god (the sun god), who personified life, goodness, light, energy, and the rotation of heaven and earth.
The Egyptian women wore wigs that were covered with a greasy substance that gave off a wonderful scent.
The ancient Egyptians kept records of the Nile flood, which scientists use today to find out the best seasons of the year for precipitation.
Scholars believe that the symbol is called ankh, and it is the origin of the ancient Christian cross. It also appears to be an immortal key.
Because hieroglyphs do not have vowels, we do not know how the ancient Egyptians pronounced their language.
The Greeks called Egyptian symbols hieroglyphics (hieroglyphics = sculpture + sanctification) because they saw them carved on the walls of temples and other holy places.
– During the year of the Egyptian revolution 2011, some women protesters did virginity tests
Important deities in ancient Egypt:
– Amun: King of the gods, god of fertility and wind
Anubis: the god of cowardice, associated with mummification.
Bastet: God of war, has the head of a cat or a lioness
– Hathor: the god of women and love, a statue in the form of a woman bearing a crown consisting of two horns between the sun disk or a cow or a lioness.
Horus: the god of the sky, in the form of a falcon.
Isis: the wife of Osiris, holding in her hand the symbol of life and carrying a crown in the shape of the throne above her head.
– Osiris, god of the ruler of the underworld. The mummy is in the form of a man wearing a crown.
Ptah: God who created all industries and arts
Ra: the sun god, has a falcon head and holds a sun disk.
Seth: The god of desert, war and storms. He has a head shaped like an unidentified animal.